ERIC Number: ED264436
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: 0
Directions in Vocational Education for Limited English-Proficient Students and Adults. Occasional Paper No. 109.
Crandall, Jo Ann
The United States has a large and rapidly growing population of limited English-proficient (LEP) students and adults. This population presents a distinct challenge to vocational educators. Some insights learned during the past decade suggest beneficial approaches to this problem. Four trends in current second-language acquisition research and language teaching are particularly relevant to the delivery of vocational education to LEP persons. These trends are the development of competency-based, functional, and task-oriented language learning programs; the increasing specialization of language instruction and the concomitant combining of English and content-area instruction; the distinction between communicative and cognitive language skills; and the development of a theory of language that maximizes meaningful input as its basis. A great deal has also been learned during the past few years about refugee and immigrant education programs, namely, that language needs, cultural orientation needs, other educational needs, support services needs, and vocational training needs must be met. In addition, insights have come from bilingual vocational training and instructor training programs, such as program models, bilingual program components, strategies for vocational instruction of LEP students, and coordinated vocational and English-language instruction. However, much more needs to be done in the future. Areas that need further investigation include individual assessment and program evaluation, development of vocational materials and vocational language materials in English and the native language, revision of licensing and certification procedures, and creation of programs to meet the needs of the least and most educated LEP students. (KC)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Improvement, Educational Needs, Educational Opportunities, English (Second Language), Immigrants, Limited English Speaking, Postsecondary Education, Refugees, Role of Education, Second Language Instruction, Secondary Education, Vocational Education
National Center Publications, National Center for Research in Vocational Education, 1960 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210-1090 (OC109--$3.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.