ERIC Number: ED264421
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Policy Findings Related to Military Service from the Youth Cohort of the National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience.
Borus, Michael E.; And Others
Two data waves from the Youth Cohort of the National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience compared Black, Hispanic, and White servicemen with their civilian counterparts to determine what types of persons are more likely to enlist in the military. Comparisons of minority servicemen with their civilian peers who are employed full time showed that those who chose the service had better-educated parents, were better educated themselves, and had higher educational expectations and better scores on the Knowledge of the World of Work Test. The following characteristics tended to increase enlistment intentions among Whites: lower parental education, longer employment, residing in a state with high unemployment, the desire for occupational training, and approval of one's enlistment by a significant other person. Among Hispanics, the only correlation found to be statistically significant was that of approval by a significant other; among Blacks, having been in the labor force and having lived in a single-parent household by the age of 14 increased the likelihood of enlistment. Although males and females aged 17 to 21 in 1980 agreed that serving in the military was a good thing to do, only 22 percent of the males and 11 percent of the females said they would try to enlist. (MN)
Descriptors: Blacks, Comparative Analysis, Demography, Employment Patterns, Enlisted Personnel, Hispanic Americans, Influences, Labor Market, Longitudinal Studies, Military Personnel, Military Service, Minority Groups, National Surveys, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Recruitment, Whites, Youth Employment
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA.; Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.; Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Alexandria, VA.; Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower, Installations and Logistics (DOD), Washington, DC.; Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Arlington, VA.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Human Resource Research.; Defense Manpower Data Center, Arlington, VA.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experience for Youth