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ERIC Number: ED264388
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Working with Adult Learners in Higher Education: Going against Internalized Norms.
Marsick, Victoria J.
Teaching adults in the higher education context can be frustrating because higher education is often not flexible enough to provide an environment conducive to self-directed learning. Also, both faculty and students must adjust their learning and teaching preferences to an experiential, problem-exploring style that has often been contradicted by years of conditioning about instruction through passive learning and note taking. Reevaluation counseling (RC) can be used effectively in higher adult education to examine and work through internalized norms to improve learning. In RC, people take turns acting as counselors to one another, providing loving attention, listening well, and using various methods to contradict the past distress so that the participants can discharge feelings from the past, reevaluate the situation, and think and act clearly at the present time. In higher education, RC can be used to overcome the following internalized norms that interfere with adult learning: isolation, hierarchical rankism, and overemphasis on technical rather than holistic learning. Techniques that are particularly effective in the higher education setting are the following: emphasizing peer counseling and collaboration; balancing negative critique with validation and position thinking; dealing with distress of denying it; and developing a safe atmosphere for fostering clear thinking. (MN)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A