ERIC Number: ED264336
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: N/A
Immigrant Australians and Education. A Review of Research. Australian Education Review Number 22.
This review examines whether immigrant Australians are disadvantaged educationally or vocationally by the education they receive, and whether their educational experiences are of a high quality and relevant to their needs. First, data is provided on the patterns of post-war immigration, along with information about the changing attitudes of Australian society toward immigrants. Then, a concept of educational disadvantage is presented, which incorporates elements regarding equality, equity, and cultural diversity. The aspirations and attitudes of immigrant Australians toward their schooling experiences are described; in general, immigrants' aspirations are high and their attitudes positive toward the schools in relation to native Australians. Examined next are teacher expectations and perceptions, the classroom interaction process, schools' ethnic policies, and schools' roles within the social structure might affect immigrants and contribute to social class inequalities. Two aspects of educational outcomes, retention rates and educational achievement, are considered. Retention and aspirations were found to be high, particularly among non-English speaking immigrants. Achievement was found to suffer at both the primary and secondary level, probably largely due to language related problems. Immigrant experiences with tertiary education are discussed. Immigrants appear to have high aspirations in this area as well, preferring universities and colleges over other institutions. Next is a discussion of how immigrant Australians approach the transition from school to work, and how well their educational achievements translate into vocational outcomes. Finally, a concluding section discusses problems with research on immigrant Australians. (CG)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Pluralism, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Educational Attitudes, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Non English Speaking, Occupational Aspiration, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, School Holding Power
Distribution Services Division, The Australian Council for Educational Research Limited, P.O. Box 210, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122, Australia.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.