ERIC Number: ED264335
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Study of Unemployment, Poverty and Training Needs of American Samoans. Final Report.
Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.
This study utilizes data analysis and field research, including three community conferences of Samoan leaders, service providers, and policymakers, to examine the size and nature of the Samoan communities in the United States, the economic structure of the migrant communities (including job training and experience, educational achievement, and English language skills), and the utilization of employment services. It finds that: (1) between 10% and 17% of Samoans may not have been counted in the 1980 census; (2) Samoans have higher rates of poverty and lower per capita incomes than average for the United States; (3) existing services do not and will not meet Samoan needs; and (4) Samoan youth's difficulties in school and the labor market have severe economic implications. The study recommends policy and programmatic solutions. Policy recommendations are for statutory recognition at the Federal level, and set-asides under the Job Training Partnership Act. The programmatic recommendations are: (1) census undercounting should be avoided in the future by Samoan participation in census planning; (2) Samoan cultural information and bilingual staff should be used more widely in providing training and services, and the specific needs of Samoans should be considered in planning services and modelling delivery; (3) linkages between schools and community should be strengthened and in-service training on Samoan culture and parent training should be provided; and (4) closer ties should be developed between schools and work settings; career awareness should be stressed in schools and training programs; and schools and training programs should take into account the needs of employers in the local labor markets that Samoan youth will enter. Appendixes provide: (1) a profile of fieldwork contacts and community conference participants, and (2) four tables showing range of population projections for Samoans living in the United States and the underlying assumptions. A 4-page bibliography concludes the document. (Author/CG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982