ERIC Number: ED264319
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Ethnic Behavior Patterns among Black and Mexican-American School Children.
Phinney, Jean S.; And Others
In order to assess differences in social behavior patterns among ethnic groups, videotapes were produced of eight brief social episodes that occur commonly in elementary schools, each taped once with Black actors and once with Mexican-American actors. These were shown to 127 Black and Mexican-American boys and girls from third and sixth grade classes in integrated urban classrooms. The children were shown the films with actors from their own ethnic group and were asked to write what they would do in each situation. Responses were coded into categories, and chi square analysis was used to examine ethnic group differences overall and by age and sex. There were significant ethnic group differences on five of the eight scenes. The differences were stronger at the sixth grade level than at the third grade level, and more evident among boys than girls. The results provide evidence that cultural differences which have been identified among adults can be found in elementary school children as well. For example, it has been shown that Mexican-American culture emphasizes orientation to the group, respect for authority, and a passive coping style. The behaviors of the children in this study reflect these values. In contrast, Black culture has been portrayed as encouraging expressiveness and active engagement with others. In this study, the Black children were more likely to express feelings of anger, explain their behaviors to teachers, and take action in dealing with social situations. (CG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Los Angeles, CA, August 1985).