ERIC Number: ED264308
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Cross-Sex Comparisons: A Word of Caution.
Ryujin, Donald H.; Herrold, Alison J.
The purpose of this study was to examine the nature of the expectancy-performance relationship for each sex and to determine whether cross-sex comparisons are appropriate. Students' expectancies for academic performance and the relationship of the expectancies to actual grades were examined. Subjects were 331 students (168 women and 163 men) enrolled in a variety of courses at a small Midwestern university, and courses were chosen to represent a wide range of sex-role stereotypes as well as sex-role neutral disciplines. On the first day of examination, the experimenter distributed questionnaires asking students to indicate the grade they expected. Actual grades were obtained from professors following the examination. The conclusion was made that, relative to men, women's lower academic achievement cannot be attributed to their lower expectancies for success, and that women's expectancies do not seem to have the same effect upon, or relationship to, their academic performance. The conclusion also was made that in order to avoid incorrect cross-sex comparisons, an analysis must be made of the equivalence of the within-sex regression equations. Suggestions were also made for studies comparing other types of groups. (LMO)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (56th, Boston, MA, March, 1985).