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ERIC Number: ED264300
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Pages: 54
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Two- and Four-Year College Student Attrition Research to the 1980's: A Review.
Smith, Alan D.
Basic background information on college student attrition research studies is provided. This paper is divided into nine components that were prominent in the existing literature: (1) higher education and the concern for attrition; (2) factors involved in college student attrition; (3) demographic factors involved in college student attrition; (4) financial factors; (5) socio-economic status; (6) academic achievement; (7) stated reasons for withdrawal; (8) institution type and persistence--the four-year versus the two-year college; and (9) dropout theory. The attrition rate has traditionally been higher for the two-year college. Financial factors are generally conceived to be important in persistence. The majority of both dropouts and persisters are from the middle socio-economic level, while increased persistence has been associated with higher socio-economic status. High school grade point and rank still appear to be the best predictor of college grades, but the relationship to persistence is unclear. Although academic, health, family, and general dissatisfaction reasons were common, most items were highly varied and dependent on the specific institutional setting. (PN)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A