ERIC Number: ED264259
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: N/A
Studies of Thinking Processes and the Construct Validation of Critical Thinking Tests. Studies in Critical Thinking Research Report No. 2.
Norris, Stephen P.
The usefulness of studying thought processes in the construct validation of ability tests was examined using a sample consisting of 343 Canadian senior high school students. Four levels of probing were used by the interviewer to examine the students' thinking processes while taking the Test on Appraising Observations: (1) think aloud; (2) immediate recall--examinees were asked why they chose that answer; (3) criteria probe--examinees were asked whether a feature of a test item determined the answer; and, (4) principle probe--examinees were also asked whether answer choice was based on particular general principles. Two scores were derived: performance scores or number right, and thinking scores indicating the quality of thinking displayed. Analyses were concerned with three questions: (1) whether the verbal reports accurately portray the thinking that takes place; (2) whether thinking concurrent with reporting differs from thinking in testing situations in which reports are not elicited; and (3) whether thinking subsequent to reporting is different from thinking subsequent to non-reporting testing situations. Analyses of variance were conducted to determine the effects and interactions of interview group, interviewer, sex, and grade level. Seven types of verbal activity were noted during the interviews. (GDC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: Memorial Univ., St. John's (Newfoundland). Inst. for Educational Research and Development.
Identifiers - Location: Canada