ERIC Number: ED264257
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug-12
Reference Count: N/A
Skill Acquisition: Compilation of Weak-Method Problem Solutions.
Anderson, John R.
According to the ACT theory of skill acquisition, cognitive skills are encoded by a set of productions, which are organized according to a hierarchical goal structure. People solve problems in new domains by applying weak problem-solving procedures to declarative knowledge they have about this domain. From these initial problem solutions, production rules are compiled which are specific to that domain and that use of the knowledge. Numerous experimental results follow from this conception of skill organization and skill acquisition. These experiments include predictions about transfer among skills, differential improvement on problem types, effects of working memory limitations, and applications to instruction. The learning experiments involve the writing of LISP computer programs, an area where the ACT theory has had extensive application. (Author/GDC)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Objectives, Educational Experiments, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Induction, Knowledge Level, Learning Processes, Learning Theories, Literature Reviews, Problem Solving, Programing, Skill Development, Transfer of Training, Vertical Organization
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA. Dept. of Psychology.