ERIC Number: ED264165
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Library Censorship. ERIC Digest No. 23.
This ERIC Digest synthesizes current attitudes on library censorship in the public schools, as reflected in state statutes and federal court cases. Separate sections describe the rise of censorship, recent court cases and incidents related to library censorship, who the censors are, what is being censored, a framework for academic freedom in schools, and a distinction between selection and censorship. Following a discussion of the recent rise of censorship in the nation's classrooms and school libraries, a comparison of the views of proponents of academic freedom and the views of proponents of censorship is offered. Recent court cases and incidents related to library censorship are offered as examples of the recent challenges coming from the conservative side of the political spectrum by leaders such as Phyllis Schlafly, Jerry Falwell, and Mel and Norma Gabler. Examples of the most frequent targets of protests are followed by a framework which librarians and other decision makers may use to maintain the right of academic freedom. This framework holds that educators may use methods, symbols, or materials (1) relevant to the subject matter being taught, (2) not in violation of valid laws, (3) compatible with current standards of decency, (4) reasonable for students' level of maturity, (5) intended for a legitimate educational purpose, and (6) unlikely to result in substantial disruption of school activities. A distinction between selection and censorship is made and the importance of sustaining a commitment to the concept of academic freedom is emphasized. (LH)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education, Boulder, CO.