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ERIC Number: ED264149
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Trends in Female Schooling and Literacy: England, 1500-1700.
Balmuth, Miriam
Women's education in 16th and 17th century England is discussed. Prior to the 16th century, education for women had a religious focus. That picture was changed by three 16th century events: the rise of humanism, the Protestant Reformation, and the reign of Elizabeth I. Humanists recommended that women be given advanced education. Many Protestant reformers insisted on compulsory schooling for boys and girls. Elizabeth I fostered the scholarly values of both these groups. The idea of a broad classical education for upperclass women became an accepted idea. In addition, with the establishment of Protestantism in England in 1534, convent and church schools were closed and replaced with privately endowed grammar schools. By the 17th century, however, this grass roots schooling came into the hands of the Puritans. One effect was the dissemination of Protestant values, resulting in more limitations placed on all women. The Elizabethan ideal of a rich classical education for upperclass women was supplanted by an ideal of women in all classes becoming literate enough to read the Bible for themselves and perhaps to teach it to their children. The picture that emerges, therefore, of female education in 17th century England is a dismal one. A three page list of references concludes the report. (RM)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)