ERIC Number: ED263999
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Family, Culture and Achievement in the Primary Schools of Botswana.
Lynch, Patrick D.
This paper traces the development of the educational system of Botswana, a small south African country of one million, emphasizing its democratic origins and customs, historical influences, social trends, and economic support. Changes in the educational system, especially in universal primary education, since its independence from Great Britain in l967 are discussed. Efforts to improve educational quality focus on reform of primary teaching methods, teacher preparation, and curriculum. Attempts to modernize the curriculum are also being made by the government, although the consequences for the traditional culture and pastoral economy of Botswana seem uncertain. Examined in the paper is the "two school culture" of Botswana, i.e., the rural, traditional, culture and the urban, modern culture. The author argues that the cultural differences between the rural and urban families are not so profound as in other countries; nevertheless, results reported from the 1982 primary school survey of 60 representative schools may indicate that school achievement reflects emerging differences between the two cultures. (DST)
Descriptors: Achievement Rating, Achievement Tests, Democracy, Educational History, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Educational Quality, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Modernization, Parent Student Relationship, Rural Urban Differences, School Surveys, Social Influences, Sociocultural Patterns, Teacher Education, Traditionalism, Tribes
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Botswana