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ERIC Number: ED263998
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: N/A
Institutional Determinants of Organizational Change in Primary Education in Nineteenth Century America and Britain. Final Report.
Smelser, Neil J.
Using historical documents, this report traces the development of the system of primary education in Great Britain and the United States. During the period between 1810 and 1870, both Britain and the United States attempted to form an organization for primary schooling and achieved great progress in the institutionalization and growth of mass primary educational systems. This progress was stimulated, moreover, by more or less common pressures in both societies. Yet, at the same time, this period witnessed strikingly different outcomes in each country despite the evident similarities of traditions in culture, language, and law. Pressures for the development of schools, patterns of growth among different kinds of schools, sources of financial support, forms of governance and internal organization, and the stratification of clientele are examined. The influence of religious, political, economic, and social factors on school formation are discussed, and the social conflicts for which schools became the focus are analyzed. An extensive bibliography and reference list are provided. (DST)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Economic Factors, Educational Change, Educational Demand, Educational Development, Educational History, Family Characteristics, Outcomes of Education, Political Influences, Primary Education, Religious Factors, Social Change, Social Influences, Social Stratification, Sociocultural Patterns
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Great Britain); United States