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ERIC Number: ED263992
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Sep
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Some Phenomenological Aspects of Play.
Scheuerl, Hans
Play and games are happening-units or behavior-sets of a relatively closed character in space and time. They are distant to the needs and the reality of usual life and follow internal rules. Any game or instance of play requires freedom from external restraints and pressures. Freedom from external restraints and seeking for inner tensions form a first polarity of characteristics in play; in every instance of play a balance must be found between them. The attraction of play and games secondly depends on the fact that their course cannot be predicted with certainty. In play, a balance must be found between the relatively closed character of a play-unit and its inner openness into uncertainty and suspense. A third characteristic of playing movements is founded in their peculiar time-structure: they do not struggle primarily for future and other aims, but find their performance in presence. A balance must be found by players and spectators between the transitoriness of the moment and the infinity of playful fascinations. Finally, play and playing movements are distant from "real life" in being fulfilled on a figurative or symbolic level. Performance and enjoyment of play requires a balance, however unstable, between reality and appearance. (Implications for anthropological study and educational importance of play are briefly discussed.) (RH)
Descriptors: Definitions, Play, Theories
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A