ERIC Number: ED263877
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Computer Searches of the Literature in Higher Education.
Zacharias, Margaret King; Mathis, Claude
As part of a comprehensive review and analysis of research about the division of labor in higher education, a university library computer system was used to search the ERIC Index, Sociological Abstracts, and Psychological Abstracts. The purpose of these experimental searches was to determine whether online access to computer-held social science data would improve the breadth and quality of literature available for analysis. Each database was restricted to the years 1968-80 and the English language. Final output resulted in 39 citations from Psychological Abstracts, 45 from ERIC, and 176 Sociological Abstracts; however, few were actually relevant to the research problem. Attempts to clarify the research problem by specifying such individual theoretical perspectives as self-concept and role theory did produce useful references within each theoretical perspective. Although computer methods for literature reviews can help researchers utilize large amounts of primary source material, professional networks of scholars must remain responsible for the organization of knowledge and address such issues as criteria for inclusion in databases, what retrieval methods are best, who will pay for online services, and how such services should be managed. (JB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (69th, Chicago, IL, March 31-April 4, 1985).