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ERIC Number: ED263821
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Pages: 46
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Reflective Judgment Theory and Research: Insights into the Process of Knowing in the College Years.
King, Patricia M.; Kitchener, Karen Strohm
The reflective judgment (RJ) model is described, along with research findings based on the model and contributions to understanding student intellectual development in higher education. The RJ model (Kitchener & King, 1981) describes a series of changes that occur in the ways adults/young adults understand the process of knowing, and subsequently, become better able to evaluate knowledge claims and defend one's own point of view on controversial views. Changes or stages of development in reasoning are described in terms of seven sets of assumptions about knowledge itself and how it is acquired. The longitudinal and cross-sectional research based on the model is reviewed, with attention to the effects of age, education, verbal ability, formal operational reasoning, critical thinking, scholastic aptitude, academic major, and sex on the development of RJ. The research results support the concept of RJ. While the data show a consistent pattern of upward shifts in RJ mean scores across age/educational groups and over time, the influence of age and education has not followed a consistent, predictable pattern. Although RJ is related to verbal ability and critical thinking, it is not simply a new description of either of these constructs. The use of a structured interview to assess reflective judgment level is described. An eight-page list of references and a three-page bibliography are included. (SW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A