ERIC Number: ED263725
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Opportunities for Success: Cost-Effective Programs for Children. A Staff Report of the Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session.
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.
The report highlights eight children's programs found to be fiscally effective by evaluations completed in the last 5 years. Each of the programs is addressed in terms of evaluation findings from specific studies. The following eight programs are examined (sample findings in parentheses): (1) WIC-Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (reduction in infant mortality, with largest improvements for populations at higher risk); (2) Prenatal care programs such as Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant (decrease in prematurity, reduction in low birthweight); (3) Medicaid (fewer abnormalities at periodic exams among children who received Early Periodic Screening Diagnosis and Treatment Prevention services than among those not receiving them); (4) Childhood Immunization Program (dramatic declines in the incidence of many diseases; reduction of hearing impairment, retardation, and other problems; (5) preschool education programs, including Head Start (increased success of children who attended preschool compared with those who did not, positive effects for parents and family); (6) compensatory education (narrowing of the achievement gap between Black and other elementary students); (7) P.L. 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (increases in number of students served and in available services, benefits to students who have received special education services); and (8) youth employment and training programs (employability and wage gains, prevention of school enrollment declines in Youth Incentive Entitlement Pilot Projects). (CL)
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Disabilities, Elementary Education, Employment, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, High Risk Persons, Infants, Medical Services, Prenatal Influences, Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Young Children
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.