ERIC Number: ED263665
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Staff Development at the Middle Level School.
Clark, Sally N.; Clark, Donald C.
Middle level schools have special needs because of the characteristics of the age group served. Staff development is crucial for middle schools. Its purposes and major planning components are presented in this paper. Most mid-level educators were prepared for elementary or high school teaching and have a limited knowledge of early adolescent needs. A good staff development program can develop the skills necessary to build a staff dedicated and committed to meeting pre-adolescent students' needs. The primary emphasis of successful programs should be to change teacher's attitudes and behavior. The hierarchy of staff development purposes has four levels; awareness, skill development (existing programs), new program development, and skill development (new programs). Using this hierarchy of purposes can help programs in developing planning and implementation. Once a purpose is established the plan is developed by: determining needs, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Needs are determined by assessing faculty, student profiles, and parent/community data. Planning determines who is to be involved and used as consultants and resources, and establishes goals and objectives. When implementing the plan it is important to personalize the program to the needs of teachers. The final step, evaluation, uses a variety of techniques to gather data. These include questionnaires, observation, interviews, and student achievement data. The principal's leadership is key to the success of staff development programing. (MD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Secondary School Principals (69th, New Orleans, LA, January 25-29, 1985).