ERIC Number: ED263636
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Nov-10
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Advance Public Speaking: A Challenge or a Casualty of the "Back-to-Basics" Movement.
Smith, John Kares
While there is a need for basic oral competence, speech communication programs should provide more sophisticated training in public eloquence. Such an advanced course should first be genre-centered instead of interaction centered. Instead of emphasizing the audience-speaker interaction, the course should center on the creation, analysis, and evaluation of rhetorical genres, such as the epideictic oration, the "apologia," the forensic disputation, the television spot, or the heckling debate. Second, the advanced course should include a critical as opposed to a behavioral focus, emphasizing the development of sensitivities to critical dimensions of discourse: the possibilities of rhetorical invention, enthymematic arguments, ethical and pathetic proofs, the use of the topoi, rhetorical disposition, fantasy themes, and rhetorical myths imbedded in public address. Third, an advanced course should be research oriented. Research projects should include systematically observing communication in natural environments, with students reporting on the structural context they observed, the communicative participants, the research question being tested by the observation, the method used to collect the data, the observation itself, and the conclusions. (HTH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (71st, Denver, CO, November 7-10, 1985).