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ERIC Number: ED263546
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jan
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Students and Studying: An Integrated Approach.
Malena, Richard F.; Atwood, Karen
Students must be shown not only how to use study strategies, must also why the strategy should be undertaken and what it is expected to achieve. The how-to-do-it step is not sufficient for all students to grasp study strategies. The teaching of these strategies must be direct, deliberate, and systematic. The metacognitive skill (why) must accompany the direct teaching of the cognitive skills to ensure student purpose and utilization. To be effective, teaching should follow a pattern that emphasizes modeling, guided practice, application, and feedback. A study strategy that includes both the reading and the study skills necessary for content area work is the PREP study system. The "P" refers to the preview step, in which the teacher draws students' prior knowledge to the fore by examining the title, subtitles, introductions, summaries, and graphic aids in the content text before reading actually begins. The next step, active reading ('R"), involves finding the answers to the questions posed in the "P" stage, using such aids as margin noting and highlighting. This is followed by "E", examining, or showing students how to use notes or maps. Finally, the "P" or prompt, involves the use of multisensory learning (oral recitation, acronyms, and mnemonic devices) to transfer the overt strategy to a personalized covert strategy. (Activities to reinforce students' notetaking are appended.) (HOD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A