ERIC Number: ED263534
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Sep-1
Reference Count: 0
Current Research on Studying: A Qualitative Analysis. College Reading and Learning Assistance Technical Report 85-09.
Best, Patricia A.; Brozo, William G.
Because of the limitations of two recent major reviews of the research on studying another review of the literature was conducted. Articles chosen for this review supplied adequate information about levels of processing and encoding specificity, investigated the effects of student-generated as opposed to teacher-provided study aids on comprehension of text, utilized secondary and postsecondary level subjects, and included studies conducted since 1979 not included in the earlier reviews. A total of 16 articles found to be amenable to the analysis were grouped into categories according to the study technique investigated. The analysis revealed that most study techniques were effective when the following conditions were met: (1) the deeper the student is involved in processing textual material, the higher the payoffs in comprehension and retention; (2) the greater the degree of consistency between the processing demands of the study technique and those of the criterion task, the better the results in comprehension and retention; (3) providing adequate training in the use of the technique is critical; and (4) the more time students are engaged in processing text, the better their comprehension. (Summary tables of the research on studying are appended.) (HOD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. Div. of Developmental Studies.
Note: Appendix contains small, light type.