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ERIC Number: ED263526
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Reading Ability, Processing Load and the Detection of Intersentence Inconsistencies.
Grabe, Mark
A study was conducted to determine the relationship between processing load and ability to locate text segments containing intersentence contradictions. It was hypothesized that less able readers fail to exhibit comprehension monitoring skills because most tasks overload their processing capacity. Subjects were 87 fourth and sixth grade students and 28 college students, differentiated by reading ability. Processing load was controlled by manipulating the number of sentences in which contradictory sentences were embedded. Data were acquired from computer controlled reading activities in which students played the role of detectives attempting to solve a particular crime. Each game required the student to read 10 statements, five of which contained inconsistencies. The statements were two, three, and six sentences long. The computer recorded whether the subject judged each statement to be consistent or inconsistent and the time spent on each statement. The results indicated that processing load had a strong impact on monitoring performance. Even the addition of a single neutral sentence produced a decrement in performance, although the two-sentence statements were processed more slowly than the longer statements. However, processing did not interact with reading ability. Less able readers performed poorly on all monitoring tasks. This poor performance was attributed to a passive reading style in which sentences were not integrated. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A