ERIC Number: ED263515
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Adolescent Victims of Abuse: A Treatment Model.
This paper presents a theory and model for treating adolescent victims of physical and sexual abuse and neglect. The theory examines issues related to abuse or neglect and the effect that an abusive history has on adolescent development. Specific issues noted are depression, anger, low self-esteem, self-shame, lack of trust, a sense of powerlessness, a family history of abandonment, and enmeshment or disengagement. Delayed developmental tasks discussed include adjusting to a changing body and developing a sexual identity; separating from the family and developing an individual identity; exploring the outside world and developing a capacity for intimacy; and developing ethical and moral standards. The treatment described begins with initial intake and treatment planning with other family components at which time the client's mental status, risk of self destructiveness, and the existence of chemical dependency and/or eating disorders are assessed. The second phase of treatment is described as individual therapy to help the client develop trust, increase self-esteem and assertiveness, and develop personal goals. A discussion of group therapy, the primary treatment mode, focuses on a 5-step program in which the adolescent: (1) writes and presents an autobiography; (2) lists strengths and desired changes; (3) describes his abuse and its affect; (4) examines ways he has hurt others and finds alternate behaviors; and (5) assesses his own progress and decides to continue or terminate participation in the group. (ABB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).