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ERIC Number: ED263503
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Comparison of Three Methods to Reduce Student Procrastination in PSI.
Lamwers, Linda L.; And Others
While self-pacing may appear to be an ideal solution to problems stemming from individual differences in academic skill levels among college students, students in Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) courses may tend to procrastinate. Three course contingencies were studied for their effectiveness in reducing student procrastination and increasing student progress: Contracting (N=154) whereby students contracted individually with an instructor for testing days; Doomsday and Tokens (N=141) in which students were given deadlines and awarded activity credits for course work completion; and Doomsday (N=148) in which students were given a deadline for course work completion. The dependent measures included date of first testing attempt, student progress in the course, withdrawal rate, and gender distributions. The results revealed that students in the Contracting condition progressed at a faster rate than students in either the Doomsday or the Doomsday and Tokens conditions (p<.001), but there were no significant differences in grade distributions or success/failure rates. Withdrawal rates were higher in the Doomsday and Doomsday and Tokens conditions than in Contracting. Contracting was the most effective but also the most costly in reducing procrastination. (Author/ABB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A