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ERIC Number: ED263501
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Relaxation and Educational Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis.
Moon, Charles E.; And Others
As consciousness becomes a more viable field of investigation and research, more attempts are being made to examine states of consciousness and their effects on certain abilities. A meta-analysis was used to examine the state of relaxation and its effects on learning, performance, and academic achievement. A search of PsychINFO, the data base of the American Psychological Association, yielded 20 studies with relevant statisitics. Each study used a control group to compare the effects of one or more of the following relaxation techniques: (1) kinesthetics; (2) progressive relaxation; (3) progressive relaxation with music; and (4) progressive relaxation with imagery. One-half of the studies involved college undergraduates and the other half involved elementary school pupils. Meta-analysis of the studies revealed that relaxation techniques, in particular progressive relaxation techniques, had a small positive effect on cognitive academic variables. Examination of the studies suggests, however, that more carefully designed and implemented studies need to be undertaken, especially in the area of relaxation techniques and affective educational outcome. (ABB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A