ERIC Number: ED263499
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Health Belief Model-Based Changes in Sexual Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior.
Eisen, Marvin; Zellman, Gail L.
A Health Belief Model (HBM) based educational intervention intended to increase adolescents' fertility control through abstinence or effective contraceptive usage was implemented and evaluated by pre-intervention interviews with 203 adolescents and post-intervention interviews with 146 adolescents. Participants' sexuality-related knowledge and attitudes were assessed 1 to 7 days before the program, on the day immediately after the program, and 3 to 6 months after completion of the program. Evaluation instruments tapped the four major perceptual components of the HBM: susceptibility to pregnancy, seriousness of pregnancy, interpersonal benefits of contraceptive usage, and barriers to contraceptive usage. Comparisons of pre- and posttest data revealed that the HBM intervention produced modest, but statistically significant changes in the health belief perceptions of participants and produced substantial changes in sexuality and contraceptive knowledge. There were also modest, but statistically significant increases in reported contraceptive usage following the program. Most importantly from a HBM perspective, the findings demonstrated substantial relationships between some health beliefs, sexual knowledge, and subsequent contraceptive usage for those adolescents who were or became sexually active following the program. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Texas Univ., Austin. Research Inst.
Authoring Institution: N/A