ERIC Number: ED263487
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Attributional Constructs: Their Role in the Organization of Social Information in Memory.
Reynolds, Kim D.; West, Stephen G.
A review of the literature on attribution theory suggests that attributional templates may be similar to balanced structures, in that they are cognitive constructs that have an organizing influence on thought processes and exert a similar organizational influence on the memory for social information. Therefore, the three basic attributional patterns outlined by Kelley may serve to organize memory for incoming effects information. To test this hypothesis, 36 undergraduate students were presented with a series of sentences that defined a 3X3X3 Kelley cube. On each trial, the sentences were precisely consistent with either a person or an entity pattern of effects (pattern variable) and had zero, four, or eight sentences randomly deleted from the "ideal" pattern (missing variable). Memory for the sentences was assessed using a recognition paradigm. The results revealed main effects for the pattern and missing variables. As the number of missing sentences increased, more errors in recognition were committed. The entity pattern produced more errors than did the person pattern. These findings provide evidence that attributional templates exert an organizing influence on memory for social information. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).