ERIC Number: ED263481
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Fathers and Sons in Later Life: The Saliency of the Tie.
Kivett, Vira R.; Suggs, Patricia K.
Information on male linkage is usually generalized from studies of female linkage and the saliency of the father-son tie in later life is unclear. The importance of the father-son tie was examined in 56 men aged 65 and older through a comparative analysis designed to compare the levels of association and helping between fathers and sons to those of other parent-child dyads and to determine factors contributing to the frequency of association and helping between older fathers and sons. Association was determined by asking the fathers to indicate the extent to which they had gotten together with their sons of most contact during the past year, and the extent to which they had received telephone calls and letters from their sons. Help received was measured by asking the fathers the extent to which they had received help in 10 areas of assistance from their sons during the past year. Help given was determined by rephrasing the helping question in terms of the amount of help that fathers had given to sons. Five independent variables were also included in the analysis: proximity to son, self-perceived health, perceived adequacy of income, number of children, and confidants. The results revealed that social structural factors and subjective and self-motives were relatively unimportant to the interaction between fathers and sons except in the case of association where contact increased with proximity to son. The results showed the father-son tie to be less salient than the mother-daughter tie in relation to association and parent to child help but, otherwise, of similar saliency to other parent-child dyads. These findings suggest that the father-son tie is of moderate functional importance as viewed through association and of low import in terms of help received and given. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (38th, New Orleans, LA, November 22-26, 1985).