ERIC Number: ED263479
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Fear of Crime and Crime Prevention Competence among the Elderly.
O'Keefe, Garrett J.; Reid-Nash, Kathaleen
Although previous research suggests a disparity between crime fear levels among elderly persons and their actual risk of victimization, little specific data are available on the elderly person's cognitions, attitudes, and behaviors regarding crime prevention. To develop a clear perspective on the crime-related orientations of the elderly, secondary analyses were performed on the combined data from two national probability surveys conducted in l980-81 during an evaluation of the National Crime Prevention Campaign. The total usable sample (N=2690) included 374 respondents aged 65 and older. The results of these analyses indicated that the elderly accurately saw their risk of burglary, robbery, or assault as lower than the risk for the general population. The elderly, more at risk for less violent street crimes, reported feeling less safe when out alone at night than did the general population. The elderly perceived themselves as less capable or confident in protecting themselves or others than did the general population. These findings suggest that crime fear patterns among the elderly are more realistically based than previously suggested, and that the crime fear orientations and activities of the elderly, while differing in some respects from those of younger persons, may not be incongruent with the fear levels of the elderly. A bibliography and 15 tables are appended. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).