ERIC Number: ED263455
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Measures of Self-Help Group Quality: Observer and Participant Views.
Roberts, Linda J.
Since objective data on the effectiveness of self-help groups are not available, participants' views of a program's value are instructive. A study was undertaken to contrast participants' (N=232) evaluations of their self-help meetings with independent observers' (N=11) evaluations and to describe the components of their respective views in terms of the actual behaviors occurring during the meetings. Data were collected in Illinois from 334 meetings of GROW, a self-help organization for individuals with a history of emotional or psychiatric problems, using the Self-Help Interaction Codes (SHIC), an observational coding system designed for the self-help context, and two rating measures. Principal components analyses for participants' and observers' rating measures yielded a single evaluation variable for participants, and two evaluation variables for observers. Multiple regression analyses were performed using the three evaluation variables as criterion variables and the SHIC behavioral occurrence variables as predictors. Results indicated that participants' positive evaluations of a self-help meeting were predicted by the relative absence of negative behaviors and the presence of supports, interpretations, and guidances. Observers' evaluations were divided into two components, meeting quality and positive meeting climate. Meeting quality was predicted by the relative absence of group process comments and the presence of the agree and personal disclosure codes. Meetings with low proportions of negative behaviors and personal questions and high proportions of supports and interpretations were rated by the observer as having a positive meeting climate. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).