ERIC Number: ED263454
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Ego Identity, Self Esteem and Substance Use during Adolescence.
Jones, Randall M.; Hartmann, Barbara R.
The similarity of factors which mediate psychosocial maturity and those which are associated with substance use or abuse suggests a reciprocal relationship between ego identity development and behavior. Because substance use has increased in our society, has become socially acceptable in some contexts, and has an effect on the perception of experience, it is a potential component of normal ego identity development. The Personal Opinion Survey (POS), a questionnaire measuring demographic information; past and present involvement with alcohol, cigarettes, and illicit drugs; and ego identity development was administered to 2,612 adolescents. The Extended Version of the Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status (EOM-EIS), incorporated in the POS, measured ego identity in occupational, religious, political, and social contexts with respect to ideological and interpersonal dimensions. Respondent gender was significantly related to six of the eight ego identity subscales: namely, ideological achievement, moratorium, and foreclosure, and interpersonal achievement, foreclosure and diffusion. Interpersonal achievement scores increased with all substance use categories except cigarette experience. Recent substance use gave females significantly higher moratorium scores than similarly classified males. Ideological and interpersonal foreclosure scores decreased with substance use. Significant increases in diffusion scores occurred with marijuana experience and recent use. These findings support previous research demonstrating the earlier maturation of females and Erikson's contention that ego identity is affected by experience, but suggest that further research is needed concerning the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the substance use experience. (Graphs and tables are included.) (TW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A