ERIC Number: ED263404
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Technological Change and Employment in Western Europe. Research Report Series.
Blair, Louis Helion
Western European governments have expressed concern over the impact of technological change on employment and appropriate policies and programs to facilitate labor market adjustment. Sweden, Great Britain, and the Federal Republic of Germany are among the most active countries in examining the issue and developing programs to respond to it. National strategies for addressing employment-related problems arising from technological change vary. Sweden is concerned about societal impacts, receptivity to anticipating technological change, and facilitation of labor market adjustment. Great Britain recognizes the need for the broad adoption of new technologies but does not appear to have a major national strategy for anticipating impacts. Germany's strategy centers on national programs to promote the diffusion of microelectronics and computer technologies and to monitor impacts. Sweden's innovative programs for dealing with technological change include computer training and funding for industry's and labor's development of innovative training approaches. Programs in Great Britain include one to encourage industrial applications of and training in microelectronics and periodic surveying of industrial diffusion of computer-based technology. Germany has an extensive program to promote information technology through computer education and pilot projects for retraining. Common problems include worker dislocation, computer training of the future work force, workers with inappropriate skills, new technology introduction with minimal labor market impacts, training of the managerial work force, and monitoring impacts. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Europe; Sweden; United Kingdom (Great Britain); West Germany