ERIC Number: ED263379
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
A Strategy to Address the Needs of Adult Learners by Incorporating Andragogy into Vocational Education.
MacFarland, Thomas W.
If current trends continue, it is likely that adult programs and adult vocational programs in particular, will play an increasingly important role in the nation's educational system, eventually absorbing the role currently played by secondary vocational education. Therefore, vocational educators must develop new approaches and new attitudes to prepare to serve an older student audience. The work of Malcolm Knowles in the area of andragogy contains many valuable insights as to the differences between adult and younger learners. In view of these differences, a seven-step model for providing vocational education to adults was developed. The parameters of the model are as follows: establish a climate conducive to adult learning, create an organizational structure that allows participative planning, diagnose learning needs, formulate appropriate learning objectives, design and implement appropriate learning activities, and evaluate for rediagnosis of learning needs. (This essay presents guidelines for implementing each of these components of the model.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Learning, Adult Programs, Adult Students, Adult Vocational Education, Andragogy, Behavioral Objectives, Classroom Techniques, Educational Needs, Instructional Development, Learning Activities, Participative Decision Making, Postsecondary Education, Student Characteristics, Student Evaluation, Student Needs, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A