ERIC Number: ED263350
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: N/A
Women's Work, Men's Work. Sex Segregation on the Job.
Reskin, Barbara F., Ed.; Hartmann, Heidi I., Ed.
The literature on sex segregation in the workplace was reviewed to determine how it could be used in formulating policy in the area of sex fairness in the American labor market. The committee found that although women's occupational options have increased dramatically in the past decade, sex segregation is still widespread. Among those factors that appeared responsible for sex segregation in the workplace were the following: cultural beliefs; barriers to employment such as discrimination, socialization, and unequal education and training opportunities; family responsibilities; and the opportunity structure. Analysis of the existing laws and programs geared toward intervening in the workplace, in job training, and in education revealed that what is needed is not new legislation but rather more committed leadership, stricter enforcement, and enhancement of voluntary compliance with existing laws. In addition, enforcement agencies must develop much stronger programs of policy-relevant research on such issues as the sources of change in occupations in which the most dramatic improvements in sex-fair opportunities have occurred and the relative effectiveness of measures to improve enforcement and voluntary compliance. (This report includes 15 tables and the table of contents from a comparison report, "Sex Segregation in the Workplace.") (MN)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Employed Women, Employment Patterns, Employment Practices, Females, Labor Market, Literature Reviews, Needs Assessment, Nontraditional Occupations, Occupational Segregation, Personnel Integration, Personnel Policy, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Research Needs, Research Utilization, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Bias, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Sex Fairness, Sex Role, Social Science Research, Trend Analysis
National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, 20418 ($15.50).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.; Department of Labor, Washington, DC.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education.; National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Committee on Women's Employment and Related Social Issues.