ERIC Number: ED263331
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Learning Process and Vocational Experience Attainments.
Colardyn, Danielle; White, Kathleen M.
From a search of (mostly French) literature, a hypothesis was formulated that students with both academic training and work experience would solve a practical learning problem more easily than students with academic learning only. A study was conducted at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers in Paris to test this hypothesis. Two groups, 16- to 18-year-old and 18- to 21-year-old students with academic education only and similar-aged students in a program of study and vocational work experience, were selected for the experiment. However, almost half of the 16- to 18-year-old work experience group refused to participate, so data were gathered only from the two subgroups of 18- to 21-year-olds. To test the hypothesis, the researchers constructed an electric schema problem-solving task. From a written description of how a washing machine works, subjects were asked to locate the different components and establish the relationships among them. Two tests were given to the groups--at the start of the program and after two weeks of academic study or work experience. The work experience group did not do a better job of integrating knowledge and practical problem-solving processes. In fact, the academic knowledge-only group did better on both tests. Possible explanations for these results were that the two-week time period was not long enough for work experience students to integrate both academic and practical problem-solving approaches, or that students in traditional education continued their use of logic to solve the problem. Further research was suggested in the area of the acquisition of practical experience and its effects on the thinking process. A four-page bibliography and three figures conclude the paper. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France