ERIC Number: ED263279
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Comparison of Childrearing Practices of Anglos, Cuban-Americans, and Latin Americans. Occasional Papers Series, Dialogues #5.
Escovar, Luis; Escovar, Peggy L.
In this report perceived childrearing practices among three cultural groups (American Anglos, Cuban Americans, and Latin Americans) were compared. Subjects were 445 college students (168 males and females from universities in Colombia and Venezuela, and 154 from a university in South Florida). A multivariate analysis of covariance was used to determine group differences for 16 parent practices variables while controlling for the effects of social class. The parent practices variables were clustered under six general dimensions: support, achievement, protectiveness, punishment, consistency, and contingency. Results of the study suggested that Anglo parents are perceived by their offspring as using more physical punishment, probably because their threats more consistently result in actual physical punishment, whereas Hispanic and Latin parents may make more use of threats but are less likely to follow them with actual punishment. In the achievement dimension, Anglo mothers were perceived as significantly lower than the other two groups in the use of achievement pressure, and Cuban-American fathers were perceived as significantly higher. Both Latin American mothers and fathers were perceived as using contingent rewards and punishment significantly more often than their Cuban American and Anglo counterparts. In the support dimension, no differences were found between the three groups, indicating that all subjects tended to perceive both their mothers and fathers as equally supportive in all three cultural groups. Finally, the results of this study offer indirect support for the notion of childrearing as cultural adaptation: Cuban American mothers, it was found, resemble Anglo mothers in their childrearing practice more than they resemble Latin mothers. (KH)
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Cross Cultural Studies, Cubans, Cultural Differences, Hispanic Americans, Latin Americans, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Role
Latin American and Caribbean Center, Florida International University, Tamiami Campus, PC 237, Miami, FL 33199 ($4.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Florida International Univ., Miami. Latin American and Caribbean Center.