ERIC Number: ED263265
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Federal Response to Youth Unemployment: Too Little for Too Few. A Report on the Effects of the Job Training Partnership Act on Youth Employment Programs in New York City, 1984.
Interface, Inc., New York, NY.
To assess the impact of the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) on youth employment and training, an examination of its implementation in New York City was undertaken. This study focused on the training, educational, and support activities in the local JTPA during the program's first year (1984-5), with special attention paid to the effects of major aspects of JTPA, such as: funding limitations; type of services and restrictions on allowable expenditures; performance standards; and links with educational and social services. Most of the study data came from a series of interviews conducted with 31 of the agencies (serving 79% of all of the 16 to 21 year old participants) funded by the New York City Department of Employment (DOE) to provide youth employment and training activities, and from summary statistics provided by DOE. Overall, it was found that DOE has managed its limited resources under JTPA very effectively, especially considering the serious constraints on services built into the legislation, and in comparison with the results from other Service Delivery Areas around the country. The outstanding exception to DOE's performance record has been its failure to meet its goals to serve some of the highest-risk populations of youth: welfare recipients, dropouts, teenagers and young men unprepared for classroom training. To make its JTPA programs more effective, DOE should: (1) institute needs-based payments rather than across-the-board equal stipends; (2) expand funds for remedial programs; (3) develop alternative youth competencies as performance measures; (4) provide incentive payments to programs serving those most at risk; and (5) expand work experience and other one-the-job training programs. (KH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Robert Sterling Clark Foundation, Inc., New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Interface, Inc., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982