ERIC Number: ED263165
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Individual Characteristics and Unit Performance. A Review of Research and Methods.
Kahan, James P.; And Others
This report reviews existing studies of the determinants of group performance in an attempt to understand how personnel characteristics of units affect the effectiveness and efficiency with which those units perform their missions. As defined for this project, unit performance is the aggregate behavior of personnel in a unit. This review provides a broad survey of the results that have been found in both the civilian (specifically, team sports) and the military literature that might have an application to small units engaged in combat arms. It discusses these results in terms of the following categories of predictors of group performance: (1) characteristics of individuals; (2) leadership; (3) group structure; (4) group processes; and (5) training techniques. The reliability and validity of unit performance measurements are described in the appendix. (PN)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Policymakers
Authoring Institution: Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower, Installations and Logistics (DOD), Washington, DC.