ERIC Number: ED263125
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr-3
Reference Count: 0
The Origins of Educational Research: A Critique of the Literature.
Johanningmeier, Ervin V.
The origins of educational research are examined in order to understand its original purposes, assumptions, and effects, both intended and unintended. Changes in research are also noted, as public education has been assigned additional responsibilities to meet the requirements of a new social and economic order. This paper discusses the controversy over the date of the origin of modern educational research--whether it began with Joseph Mayer Rice in 1897 or in 1918 with the beginning of standardized objective tests. At about the same time, it is noted, high school attendance grew dramatically and universities showed growing interest in teacher education. The status of education as a science, and the relationship of psychology to educational processes are discussed. Travers' argument that educational research began 140 years ago--building on the foundations of public schooling set by Henry Barnard, Horace Mann, and William Torrey Harris--is also presented. Other topics include the child study movement, experimental pedagogy, and the hypothetical scientific method illustrated by Darwin. (GDC)
Descriptors: Child Psychology, Educational History, Educational Psychology, Educational Research, Educational Testing, Elementary Secondary Education, Foundations of Education, Higher Education, Literature Reviews, Psychological Studies, Psychometrics, Research Design, Research Methodology, Scientific Methodology
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (69th, Chicago, IL, March 31-April 4, 1985).