ERIC Number: ED262916
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Rapid Change in the Representational Capability of Very Young Children.
DeLoache, Judy S.
This study determines whether children who see an object hidden in a location in one space can retrieve an analogous object hidden in an analogous location in a different space. Participants were 16 31-months-old and 16 38-months-old children. After a familiarization experience, half the children observed a stuffed dog hidden in a room, tried to retrieve an analogous toy dog hidden in the "same" place in a model of the room, and then retrieved the toy hidden in the regular room. After familiarization, the other half of the subjects saw the object hidden in the model and retrieved first in the large-scale room and then in the model. Results revealed an extremely large developmental difference in the ability of the two age groups to use their representation for where they saw an object hidden in order to find a different object. Retrieval scores of "transitional" subjects with a mean age of 34 months fell between those of the younger and older age groups. Grouping of high, middle, and low subjects in the transitional group showed that high scorers performed like older children and low scorers performed like the younger. Generally, results showed that by 3 years of age children understand that one space can correspond to or represent another and can use their memory representation to guide their search behavior. These abilities emerge over a relatively short time span. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A