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ERIC Number: ED262905
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Effect of Prosocial Cartoons on Preschool Children.
Forge, Karen L. S.; Phemister, Sherri
If live-model prosocial programs such as "Sesame Street" and "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood" can facilitate favorable behavior in preschoolers, as was shown by Rushton (1982), then it seems reasonable to suggest that cartoons might have a similar positive impact. This study sought to determine whether viewing a prosocial cartoon would be as effective as viewing a live-model prosocial program in inducing prosocial behavior in preschool children. A total of 40 preschool-aged boys and girls were shown one of four 15-minute videotapes, including (1) a prosocial cartoon with the theme of making new friends; (2) a neutral cartoon about entering a motorcycle race; (3) a prosocial live-model focusing on friendship; and (4) a neutral live-model showing the feeding of whales and dolphin. Subjects were subsequently observed during 30 minutes of free play and their action was scored for frequency of prosocial behavior. As predicted, viewing a prosocial cartoon was as effective as a live-model prosocial program in eliciting positive behaviors. Children in both prosocial viewing conditions demonstrated more prosocial behavior than did those in both neutral viewing conditions. This finding suggests that increased prosocial cartoon programming would have a positive influence on preschool children's behavior. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A