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ERIC Number: ED262873
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jun
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Is Kohlberg Really Piagetian?
Taranto, Maria A.
As early as 1932, Piaget posited four phases of development in moral judgments: amorality, egocentric morality, morality of constraint, and morality of cooperation. In the morality of cooperation, reciprocity (i.e., social reversibility) develops first on a concrete level and then on the level of abstract reciprocity or generalized exchange. In 1971, Kohlberg addressed the problem of the nature of reciprocity or reversibility in moral judgments and attempted, at least in theory, to describe the developing principle of reciprocity across his six stages. Scrutiny of Kohlberg's (1982) scoring manual, however, provides no evidence of developing reciprocity in the criterion judgments of individuals' responses at each stage. The concept is not totally absent, but neither is it articulated, nor logically extended throughout the system. Kohlberg's theory purports to be a Piagetian-based system, but does it, in fact, demonstrate Piaget's notion of cognitive-moral structure in scoring as well as theory? Analysis of the Heinz dilemma suggests ways Kohlberg's system of stages may be viewed, as a developing compensation for injustices regarding retributive justice. Such compensations tend toward an abstract and perfect reciprocity. In answer to the question "Is Kohlberg really Piagetian?" the answer is, "It is quite possible!" (RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A