ERIC Number: ED262756
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984
Teaching Thinking through LOGO: The Importance of Method. Technical Report Series, Report No. 84.1.2.
Delclos, Victor R.; And Others
Research was conducted to compare the effects of three different methods of teaching LOGO to fifth graders with a broad range of academic ability. The first method, based on Papert's idea of discovery learning, involved teacher presentation of LOGO instruction and student control of pace of learning. The second method involved the use of structured tutorials, written in much the same way as other computer assisted programs. The third method involved teaching in a mediational style, where the teacher made specific and conscious attempts to frame what was learned in the LOGO lesson in a broader context, and to bridge specific principles of learning to other situations where the same type of strategy would apply. Trends which emerged from this research suggest: (1) students involved in the discovery approach learn basic LOGO commands, but do not gain control over the turtle (a form on the computer screen) to the extent that they can predict what it will do; (2) a structured approach to learning LOGO seems better than discovery for mastering programming-specific skills; and (3) a carefully structured, mediational method seems to provide good results. (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN. Learning Technology Center.