ERIC Number: ED262755
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Thinking and Problem Solving. Technical Report Series 85.1.2.
Bransford, John D.; And Others
This discussion of some of the research literature that is relevant to the issue of teaching thinking provides descriptions of hypothetical, ideal thinkers, and problem solvers; considers the problem of teaching thinking and problem solving; and explores the issue of evaluating programs so that they can be revised and improved. Following Bransford and Stein's "The IDEAL Problem Solver" (1984), this discussion elaborates upon five components of thinking that are applicable to a wide variety of situations. These include the ability to: (1)identify problems, (2) define and represent them with precision, (3) explore possible strategies, (4) act on these strategies, and (5) look at their effects. Creativity is introduced as a means of re-defining a problem in such a way as to suggest simpler and more workable strategies, and examples of cognitive solutions to problems are explained. Also included are descriptions of ways to enhance the teaching of thinking and problem solving through the use of educational strategies and the development of conceptual tools. The concluding section contains suggestions for implementing evaluation techniques for thinking skills programs, and the summary emphasizes the importance of student use of various tools for thinking and problem solving so that these can be evaluated and defined. (JB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN. Learning Technology Center.