ERIC Number: ED262519
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: N/A
Defining Giftedness. 1985 Digest.
The digest examines conceptions of giftedness. A brief historical review notes L. Terman's work and impetus for increasingly broadened definitions since the 1940's. The 1969 Marland Report is cited and its definition of giftedness is presented. Current response to that definition's inclusion of six achievement areas (general academic ability, specific academic aptitude, creative or productive thinking, leadership ability, visual and performing arts, and psychomotor ability) is noted. The federal definition of giftedness as contained in the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 is provided. More recent emphasis on high performance capability in mathematics, science, foreign languages, or computer learning is noted. It is suggested that the ways in which schools operationally define giftedness are often based on the needs of society. Concluding points center on reasons for defining giftedness and considerations in deciding not only what giftedness is but how the gifted are identified and what services schools should provide. (CL)
Descriptors: Definitions, Elementary Secondary Education, Gifted, Government Role, Student Characteristics
ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091 (one free copy).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.