ERIC Number: ED262505
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: N/A
What Is Down Syndrome? 1984 Digest.
The digest presents an overview on Down Syndrome. The history of the term is traced to its association with Dr. John Langdon Down who first described the condition in 1866. Characteristics of Down Syndrome are noted, including mental retardation, short stature, epicanthic folds, reduced muscle tone, joint hyperflexibility, and premature aging. Causes of the genetic abnormality are reviewed as are prevalence rates. Ways in which Down Syndrome affects development are covered, including deficient social skills and delayed language development. It is suggested that education programs include infant stimulation and curriculum organized around long term skill sequences designed to promote independent functioning skills. The ability of amniocentesis to identify the condition prenatally is discussed. The digest concludes with a listing of references and resources on the topic. (CL)
Descriptors: Child Development, Curriculum, Definitions, Down Syndrome, Educational Needs, Elementary Secondary Education, Genetics, Incidence, Student Characteristics
ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091 (one free copy).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.