ERIC Number: ED262439
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-May
Reference Count: 0
Children's Auditory and Visual Processing of Narrated and Nonnarrated Television Programming.
Rolandelli, David R.; And Others
A study was conducted to (1) examine children's visual and auditory attention to, and comprehension of, narrated and nonnarrated versions of two television programs, and (2) test a measure of auditory attention in relation to visual attention and to comprehension of information presented with or without narration. Subjects, 117 five- and seven-year old boys and girls, were presented with a narrated and nonnarrated version of animated stories during which they could push a lever to restore auditory clarity when the soundtrack was periodically degraded. Children's restore responses and visual fixations were recorded. After viewing, the subjects completed a comprehension test to assess auditory and visual comprehension. The results indicated that narration significantly enhanced visual attention and comprehension of visual, auditory, and inferential information. No effect of narration was found for auditory attention. Older children had significantly higher scores than younger children on auditory attention and on visual, auditory, and inferential comprehension. No age effect was found for visual attention. Partial validation of the auditory attention measure was found with the correlational analyses. Auditory attention predicted recall of auditory information better than visual information, while visual attention predicted the reverse pattern when the program was narrated. The study concluded that children monitored the auditory component of television to direct visual attention to central information, as well as to process auditory, especially verbal, content. (Tables of data are included.) (Author/HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (35th, Honolulu, HI, May 23-27, 1985).