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ERIC Number: ED262378
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Effective Studying from Text: Applying Metacognitive Strategies.
Tei, Ebo; Stewart, Oran
Forum for Reading, v16 n2 p46-55 Spr-Sum 1985
To be effective learners, students should know about the state or level of their learning and the success of the strategies they are using, so that when they misunderstand a concept they can do additional reading or consult outside sources. Traditionally, textbook study has been taught through the use of so-called formula techniques, where the formula represents a step-by-step approach to studying the text. In place of this blind training, students should have self-control training or training with cognitive awareness (metacognition). The important elements for any effective studying include (1) having specific purposes or goals for the study session, (2) recognizing the inherent structure of the reading material, (3) purposefully extracting information, and (4) assessing the knowledge gained. Two metacognitive strategies that can be taught easily to students are self-questioning and summarization. In teaching self-questioning, the student must be made aware that before any portion of text is read at all some pertinent questions must be asked to provide context for extracting meaning. In summarizing, students learn to use in-depth processing of the more important ideas in the text and to check what has been gained up to that point. (HOD)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A