ERIC Number: ED262364
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Social Problem-Solving and Self Esteem of Aggressive Boys.
Lochman, John E.
Secondary prevention programs for aggressive children should be based on research about processes which mediate children's expression of aggressive behavior. The relative importance of perceived competence, self-esteem, and social problem solving processes was investigated in 20 aggressive and 18 non-aggressive fourth and fifth grade boys. Teacher ratings on the Aggression subscale of the Missouri Children's Behavior Checklist and blind ratings made by independent observers of the boys' classroom behavior revealed significant behavioral differences between the two groups. The boys completed the Perceived Competence Scale for Children (PCSC) and the Problem Solving Measure for Conflict (PSM-C). The PSM-C assessed specific problem solutions that the boys considered in conflict situations with peers, teachers, and parents, and during conflicts of mild and hostile frustration. Univariate analyses indicated that, in comparison to non-aggressive boys, aggressive boys had significantly lower PCSC self-esteem, fewer verbal assertion solutions with peers, fewer verbal assertion solutions in hostile conflicts, more direct action solutions with teachers, and more direct action solutions in hostile conflicts. Discriminant analyses significantly differentiated the two groups. Problem solving interventions for aggressive boys can use these results to focus specifically on children's rates of verbal assertion and direct action solutions with different persons, on their perceived social competence, and on their self-esteem. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).